Bài học cùng chủ đề
Read the passage and choose the correct answer.
Vietnam has set a target to have 1,800 vocational education facilities by 2025, including three national high-quality vocational training centers and six regional centers. Such (1)_________ are part of a national plan for a network of vocational education facilities during the 2021-2030 period, with a (2)_________ for 2045, which Deputy PM Tran Luu Quang recently signed.
Under the plan, by 2020, Vietnam will have a network of diverse vocational schools well distributed by sector and region, (3)_________ the country's development needs, especially for highly skilled workers.
The proportion of private and foreign-funded vocational training facilities is expected to (4)_________ to 45% by 2025 and 50% by 2030. The plan also sets out a vision for 2045, when Vietnam's vocational (5)_________ is among the top in ASEAN.
The number of students (6)_________ by vocational schools will be around 2.5-2.7 million per year by 2025 and 3.8-4 million per year by 2030. The Red River Delta region and the north-central and central coastal region each will account (7)_________ 26% of the total number of facilities, followed by the south-eastern region with 17%.
The plan also outlines several measures to realize the goals mentioned above.
Read the sentences and match the underlined words with their meanings.
1. Sarah excels in mathematics and always gets top grades.
2. A lucrative job means you can earn a lot of money.
3. He boasts about his job at the company because he enjoys it.
4. Parents often accompany their children to school on the first day.
Read the passage and decide if each sentence is True, False, or Not Given.
Decades ago, children in poor central areas were urged to excel in studies for a better life. Both parents and children believed high education was the only path to escape poverty, saving diligently for studies. University entry was seen as a chance for a new life, making students a source of pride. However, recent realizations show that higher education doesn't guarantee success or wealth. Some regret their university years, while others, like overseas guest workers, find lucrative opportunities and contribute to building better homes for their families.
Labor export has been and will continue to help change the face of poor areas in the central provinces and other regions. Ads from export companies seek individuals with language skills (IELTS or basic Japanese) to work abroad. After a year or two, they send money home, often used to build new houses. Villages now boast multi-story homes funded by overseas earnings. Many students choose to finish high school, work abroad, and return home to start businesses with substantial capital. Overseas work has become a lucrative path for financial growth and community development.
Many poor parents from some provinces accompanied their children - 11th and 12th graders – to labor export companies. These children carry a heavy burden on their shoulders – working to get money to pay the debts of hundreds of millions of VND their parents had borrowed to send them abroad.
If even excellent students also choose to go abroad to work after finishing high school instead of going to university, this would threaten the knowledge-based economy, especially in the context of the 4.0 era and the rapid change of science and technology. This also shows the uncertainties in the orientation for developing education and the country's welfare, labor, and employment policies.
People used to try to save money to go to school because education was a way to escape poverty.
Labor export workers can make a sufficient amount to construct a better house.
More Central residents than people from other regions typically work overseas.
The village's houses are frequently constructed using savings gathered over many years of labor exports.
School-leavers working overseas often earn a higher salary than those around them.
Poor people often bear the burden of repaying loans to go for labor export.
University-bound talented students pose a threat to the new knowledge-based economy.
Read the passage and write the correct answer. No more than TWO WORDS OR/AND A NUMBER in each blank.
Deputy Prime Minister Tran Hong Ha has signed Decision No. 1117/QD-TTg approving a program to develop open educational resources for higher education.
Under the program, in the 2023-2026 period, a portal of open educational resources will be built and put into operation, providing learning, teaching, and research materials for learners, officials, lecturers of higher education institutions, and those who need to update higher education knowledge.
By 2026, over 40% of higher education institutions in the country will participate in building and developing open educational resources. Over 20% of higher education majors have textbooks, teaching, and learning materials posted on the portal. Over 300 textbooks, teaching, and learning materials in higher education will be posted to the portal.
Regarding exploitation and use of the resources, the program aims to have at least 50% of higher education institutions access and use the resources, and over 50% of officials and lecturers of higher education institutions access and use the resources for their teaching and research. In addition, over 50% of learners studying in higher education institutions will access and use the resources for their learning and research.
The program also sets the task of completing the system of legal documents regulating the development, exploitation, and use of open educational resources.
Educational institutions are called on to develop databases and connect the databases to the national portal on open educational resources.
From 2023-2026, a program will launch an educational with resources for learners, officials, and educators.
Over 40% of the nation's universities will supply publicly accessible educational materials by 2026, with over of these assets now available on the platform.
The initiative seeks to increase the utilization of educational resources by over of higher education officials and institutions.
In higher education, more than half of the students will access and utilize that are available for educational purposes.
The system of legal papers governing the creation, utilization, and of free educational materials must also be accomplished.
Read the passage and choose the correct answer.
1. Attending a college or university in the United States is very expensive. For families in the United States, paying for their children's education has become a significant expense. Many families begin saving money when their children are born, and some states offer incentive plans for savings programs.
2. As expensive as the tuition is, this hardly covers all the costs of providing an education. Buildings, equipment, and salary costs are increasingly costly, with advanced technology adding tremendous costs for laboratories and other specialized facilities. Universities and colleges constantly seek support from foundations, corporations, industry, and local, state, or federal government.
3. For students, college costs can be daunting. Some work during school to earn money for tuition, books, transportation, and housing. Colleges assist by offering on-campus or nearby jobs to help cover expenses. Community colleges accommodate working adults with flexible class schedules.
4. In addition to family funds and savings, there are two main college funding types: loans and grants. Loans are borrowed money that must be paid back with interest, although the interest rates for student loans are lower than for other types of loans. Grants, including scholarships, are gifts that do not require repayment, but eligibility often hinges on maintaining grades or showing financial need. Scholarships may be earned based on academics, athletics, or other achievements. Due to intricate application forms, identifying and accessing these funds can confuse families. Colleges and organizations offer offices to aid students in navigating funding resources. The financial burden of college often extends beyond tuition, influencing students to work part-time jobs or seek assistance from these various funding options. International students usually pay higher out-of-state tuition, and student jobs may offer lower wages.
What is the best title for the passage?
The word “this” in paragraph 2 refers to __________.
According to the passage, what does the author say about college costs?
The word “daunting” in paragraph 3 has the closest meaning to __________.
According to the passage, what does the author say about loans?
The phrasal verb “hinges on” in paragraph 4 has the closest meaning to __________.
What can be inferred based on the last paragraph?